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纳米线阵列高效太阳能转换的原理和研究进展

Research progress on semiconductor nanowires for high efficiency solar energy conversion

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摘要

首先从热力学角度讨论减少太阳能光伏结构效率损失,特别是光学熵损失的原理和途径,然后介绍半导体纳米线阵列在降低材料使用?#23454;?#21516;时有效实现陷光和降低发射角的结构设计,其中由?#26412;?#28176;变纳米线形成的非周期阵列具有可见到近红外宽波段的导模共振陷光能力,同时极低的发射角大幅度地抑制了自发辐射引起的光子损失,成为有望突破Shockley-Queisser转换效率极限的光伏结构.

Abstract

In this paper, a thermodynamic analysis on current photovoltaics is given within the Shockley-Queisser model. Then the latest progresses of designing semiconductor nanowire arrays are introduced to achieve effective light trapping and reduce emission angle. Among them, non-uniform nanowire arrays with gradient shapes hold both advantages of ultralow emission angle and light trapping, therefore which have attracted much research interest toward ultrahigh efficiency of solar energy conversion from visible to near-infrared wavelength.

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中图分类号:TK01;TM914.4;O43

DOI:10.11972/j.issn.1001-9014.2019.04.018

基金项目:国家?#21248;?#31185;学基金(11574336,61604158,91321311),上海市科委基础研究项目(18JC1420401)

收稿日期:2019-04-03

修改稿日期:2019-06-06

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作者单位    点击查看

童中英:上海理工大学 材料科学与工程学?#28023;?#19978;海 200093中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083
谢天:上海理工大学 材料科学与工程学?#28023;?#19978;海 200093中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083
叶新辉:上海理工大学 材料科学与工程学?#28023;?#19978;海 200093中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083
夏辉:中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083
李菊柱:中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083上海师范大学 数理学?#28023;?#19978;海 200234
张帅君:上海理工大学 材料科学与工程学?#28023;?#19978;海 200093中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083
姜新洋:中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083上海科技大学 物质科学与技术学?#28023;?#19978;海 201210
陈泽中:上海理工大学 材料科学与工程学?#28023;?#19978;海 200093
李天信:中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 红外物理国家重点实验室,上海 200083

联系人作者:童中英([email protected])

备注?#21644;?#20013;英 (1992-), 女,安徽芜湖人, 硕士研究生,主要研究领域为可见至近红外宽波段光吸收优化. E-mail: [email protected]

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引用该论文

TONG Zhong-Ying,XIE Tian,YE Xin-Hui,XIA Hui,LI Ju-Zhu,ZHANG Shuai-Jun,JIANG Xin-Yang,CHEN Ze-Zhong,LI Tian-Xin. Research progress on semiconductor nanowires for high efficiency solar energy conversion[J]. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 2019, 38(4): 508-519

童中英,谢天,叶新辉,夏辉,李菊柱,张帅君,姜新洋,陈泽中,李天信. 纳米线阵列高效太阳能转换的原理和研究进展[J]. 红外与毫米波学报, 2019, 38(4): 508-519

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