Recent advances in high-pressure technologies and large-scale experimental and computational facilities have enabled scientists, at an unprecedented rate, to discover and predict novel states and materials under the extreme pressure-temperature conditions found in deep, giant-planet interiors. Based on a well-documented body of work in this field of high-pressure research, we e

An overview of the recently renovated high-pressure X-ray diffraction (XRD) BL10XU beamline for the diamond anvil cell at SPring-8 is presented. The renovation includes the replacement of the X-ray source and monochromator, enhanced focusing systems for high-energy XRD, and recent progress in the sample environment control techniques that are available for high-pressure studies

Metal halide perovskites (HPVs) have been greatly developed over the last decade, with various compositions, dimensionalities, and morphologies, leading to an emergence of high-performance photovoltaic and optoelectronic applications. Despite the tremendous progress made, challenges remain, which calls for a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms. Pressure, a thermo

Castable solids from Aremco (http://www.aremco.com/potting-casting-materials/) are convenient media for pressure transmission in multianvil geometries of complex shape. A zirconia-based castable ceramic, Aremco Ceramacast 646, is intr

Over the last six years many experiments have been done at the National Ignition Facility to measure the Hugoniot of materials, such as CH plastic at extreme pressures, up to 800 Mbar. The “Gbar” design employs a strong spherically converging shock launched through a solid ball of material using a hohlraum radiation drive. The shock front conditions are characterized using x-

Jets are commonly observed astrophysical phenomena. To study the x-ray emission characteristics of jets, a series of radial foil Z-pinch experiments are carried out on the Primary Test Stand at the Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics. In these experiments, x-ray emission ranging from the soft region (0.1–10 keV) to the hard region (10 keV–500 keV)

Powerful lasers interacting with solid targets can generate intense electromagnetic pulses (EMPs). In this study, EMPs produced by a pulsed laser (1 ps, 100 J) shooting at CH targets doped with different titanium (Ti) contents at the XG-III laser facility are measured and analyzed. The results demonstrate that the intensity of EMPs first increases with Ti doping content from 1%

In this paper, we report the recent progress on the $1~\text{PW}/0.1~\text{Hz}$ laser beamline of Shanghai Superintense Ultrafast Laser Facility (SULF). The SULF-1 PW laser beamline is based on the double chirped pulse amplification (CPA) scheme, which can generate laser pulses of 50.8 J at 0.1 Hz after the final amplifier; the shot-to-shot energy fluctuati

A tunable ultrafast intensity-rotating optical field is generated by overlapping a pair of 20 Hz, 800 nm chirped pulses with a Michelson interferometer (MI). Its rotating rate can be up to 10 trillion radians per second ($\text{Trad}/\text{s}$), which can be flexibly tuned with a mirror in the MI. Besides, its fold rotational symmetry structure is also chan

To make further understanding of terahertz (THz) wave generation from liquid water, we study THz wave emission from water lines of different diameters. The water line with a smaller diameter generates a stronger THz electric field for the diameters from 0.2 mm to 0.5 mm. The THz electric field strength and polarity change with the relative position between the incident laser an